Irrigation systems ……………………………………………. As the name suggests, this system uses pots or pitchers for watering the crops. لذلك فليس أمام مصر سوي الحد من تزايد عدد السكان وترشيد إستخدام المياه بإتباع نظم الري المتطور من الرش والتنقيط في الأراضى الجديدة والتي يصعب إستخدام الري السطحي بها وزيادة الموارد المائية بالإتجاه لتحلية مياه البحر وإستخدام الطاقة المتجددة من الشمس والرياح وأيضا إستخدام الطاقة النووية في توليد الكهرباء. The modern methods of irrigation include: Sprinkler System; Drip System; Sprinkler Irrigation. each Crop water requirements for full gro, Tree daily water requirements (Liter / day), Table 4. Subject Page No. 2. Gravity Flow Irrigation Systems convey and distribute water at the field The sprinkler system is not feasible in areas with a high flow of winds as they can evaporate most of the water. وبالتالي فهي تتحكم في كميات مياه الري المستخدمة وكفاءة إستخدامها. (iii) Pot Irrigation Method. 3. Agricultural Research and development Fund (ARDF), Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation (MOALR), Smart Irrigation Water Management System (SIWMS), Bustan Agricultural Development Project, Egypt, Computer Algorithm for Irrigated Water – Yield Response of Cowpea under Sprinkler Irrigation System. Water is distributed through a system of pipes usually by pumping. Required fields are marked *. This method is the same as the lateral move irrigation, but the arrangement of hoses and sprinklers is circular. The conventional methods were less efficient and effective. Crop water requirements for full grown trees (Liter / day) at standard spacing*. The topography of the field. In the lateral irrigation, there is a network of pipes and sprinklers that can move in a linear motion to water the crops. (ii) Drip Irrigation Method. The ways of irrigation have undergone major changes over the past few decades. In sprinkler irrigation both soil and air The main pipe and sub-pipes are installed in the field permanently, and farmers cannot shift them afterwards. 4 Selecting the most appropriate sprinkler systems . c) Identification of the training needs- training modules, The ultimate goal of this solution is to optimize the irrigation water Water is provided to the fields by spraying water droplets, similar to rain, through pipes. This method can vary in different regions. Modern irrigation method Drip irrigation method. There are many ways in Modern Irrigation among them mostly practiced and following in INDIA are using drips, sprinklers and poly houses . systems design, performance, and main, The objective of this project is to enhance and develop a prototype real-time, smart sensor array for scheduling irrigation systems making Precision Agriculture (PA) available to local farms. improved irrigation efficiency. It classified by 2 different methods: Traditional Methods: In this method, irrigation is done manually. The ONGA pumps Brisbane are used for lateral irrigation in Australia. SYSTEM APPLICATION ADVANTAGES LIMITATIONS; Pop-Up Sprinklers: Lawns, bowling, greens, golf courses: Easily Automated, Retract below ground level for mowing Any loss of water is avoided in the sprinkler system. Language: English Pages: 247 Author: Dr. K. N. Tiwari, Dr. T. B. S. Rajput Modern Irrigation is located at 10 Florence CT in Jackson, NJ - Ocean County and is a business with Contractors on staff. International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage, New Delhi 1986. 4)Rahat (lever system) Traditional method of irrigation are cheaper but less efficient.Pumps are commonly used for lifting water.These pumps run by electricity,diesel,biogas or solar energy. Water is carried by pipes to central locations on the farm. Recommendation on operating and maintaining sprinkler فإذا قارنا مصر بالدول المتقدمة نجد أن نصيب الفرد من المياه في الدول المتقدمة يزيد عن حد الفقر المائي وهو 1000 م3 سنويا بينما يقل في مصر عن 750 م3 وكذلك نصيب الفرد من الأرض الزراعية في الدول المتقدمة يزيد عن 1 فدان بينما يبلغ حوالي 0.1 فدان في مصر. ويحتوي الكتاب علي فصل عن الأساسيات العامة للري والمتعلقة بعلاقات الماء بكل من النبات والتربة والإستهلاك المائي وجدولة الري . However, modern methods are more efficient and use less water as compared to traditional irrigation. The proposed soil moisture monitoring and irrigation control system will improve irrigation schedule decisions, leading to water resources savings and maintaining healthy growing conditions. All the above techniques use limited quantities of water to promote water conservation and satisfy the requirements of agriculture in developing countries. The sprinkler systems mimic the natural irrigation that is rain. ويجب أن ننوه أنه ليس معني أن نذكر نظم الري أن نغفل الحديث عن نظم الصرف فنظام الصرف الزراعي يجب ان يكون متلازما مع نظام الري حتي في الأراضي الصحراوية. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Water is scattered throughout the land by a machine of sprinklers that move on wheeled towers in 360 degrees pattern or a circle that would move around the land and sprinkle water all over the soil and it is really efficient and effective and this procedure or system is well recommended in a lot of countries but mostly used in the USA. 2- Sprinkler irrigation. Contrarily to most of the programs evaluation that focus on what was done, the TNA will focus on the future and what should be done, how, the quality of achievement, rather than what was done. 2. وتعتمد كفاءة نظام الري علي الإدارة والتشغيل الصحيح لنظام الري أي كان نوعه. Reduce technical problems associated with modern irrigation Sprinkler System. Modern irrigation controllers have become extremely sophisticated, thanks to the integration of computer technology to improve system timing and diagnostics. In modern method there are two types: sprinkler system and drip irrigation system. 3. Sprinkler irrigation is a method of applying irrigation water which is similar to natural rainfall. The arrangement is less expensive, but it needs more labour to change the network. There is a central pole, and the entire system connects to that pole. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication. A Presentation on Modern Methods of Irrigation, specially emphasized on Sprinkler & Drip or Trickle irrigation. tenance MODERN IRRIGATION SYSTEMS This is the most efficient method to irrigate the uneven land. d) Training programs details. INDEX Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. . Sprinkler System tosses water in the air through its water nozzle. The shape and size (acres) of the field. Flooding method consists in applying the water by flooding the land of rather smooth and flat topography. Advantages of Sprinkler Irrigation real-time, smart sensor array for scheduling irrigation systems Irrigation is the base of agriculture and farmers use different methods of watering. b) Performance of a Gap Analysis to identify the current and desired skills, available knowledge and abilities of respondents, (iii) Strip Irrigation Method. The sprinklers are fitted in a way to sprinkle the water above the crops. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International, Irrigation systems design , management, and evaluation, INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE SECTION PROBLEM SET ‫التمارين العملية في الري والصرف لمقدمة في الهندسة الزراعية‬, CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS preventive maintenance, troubleshooting, respective cause and remedy ‫‬, Training Module to qualify plumber Technicians to join maintenance group Expert Report to GIZ - WMRP البرنامج التدريبي لفني السباكة لتأهيله للعمل بمجموعات الصيانة علي صيانة وإصلاح خطوط المواسير والمحابس للمراوي, Task III: Training Needs Assessment & Training Modules. The method is used as a cost-effective alternative to drip irrigation. Recommendation on operating and maintaining drip Saving irrigation water and reducing the p, Prevent crop interference by using properly, Inject phosphoric or nitric acid during the la, standard spacing for Apricot, Pear, and Citrus are 5, التمارين العملية في الري والصرف لمقرر مقدمة في الهندسة الزراعية, Centrifugal pumps preventive maintenance, troubleshooting, respective cause and remedy.صيانة وأعطال الطلمبات الطاردة المركزية, Training Module to qualify plumber Technicians to join maintenance group SPRINKLER IRRIGATION METHOD Water is distributed through a system of pipes usually by pumping. يهدف هذا الكتاب الي إعطاء الطالب فكرة عامة عن نظم الري وأنواعها وخصائصها وطريقة عملها وتشغيلها . a) Determination of main objectives to be achieved by the training, Two different methods of irrigation are- modern methods that include sprinkler irrigation and drip irrigation; traditional irrigation that includes manual irrigation where water is pulled out by the farmers themselves from the wells and canals to irrigate the land. However, the water should be clean; otherwise, the dirt or debris can clog the holes in the pipes that reduce the supply of water. Sprinkler irrigation is more or less the opposite of drip irrigation. Hence the name of the method is drip irrigation. Modern Irrigation Methods: (v) Sprinkler Irrigation Method: In present times, when water crisis is developing very fast everywhere, we should adopt improved techniques of irrigation to encourage suitable water management. It is then sprayed into the air through sprinklers so that it breaks up into small water drops which fall to the ground. The sprinkler system is one of the more common Irrigation systems that is used today. (iv) Basin Irrigation Method. . systems. Standard water quality test needed for design and operation of drip irrigation system. It is then sprayed into the air through sprinklers so that it breaks up into small water drops which fall to the ground. communication protocols for low power and reliable communication. The pitchers with holes are placed in the field up to the neck at equal distances. It resembles raining. Special emphasis will be placed on producing low cost 2. Book Detail: Micro Irrigation Systems Design Micro irrigation is a modern method of irrigation; by this method water is irrigated through drippers, sprinklers, foggers and by other emitters on surface or subsurface of the land.Major components of a micro irrigation system is as follows. 2. Apart from these we are using machines for Harvesting the crops. The lateral moving and centre pivot irrigation system requires a constant supply of water from a source to water the fields. Sprinkler irrigation system allows application of water under high pressure with the help of a pump. a. Drip irrigation system. Let us check some modern methods of irrigation and their benefits. 1 1. The sprinklers are fitted in a way to sprinkle the water above the crops. One supplies water near the roots of the plants while the other consists of spray heads that are a few feet above the surface of the soil. As the availability of water is not the same in every area, farmers need to use different methods of irrigation for every region. There are many individual system configurations identified by unique features (centre-pivot sprinkler systems). Identify problems associated with the modern irrigation The Sprinkler system is best for your lawn, but it is not very ideal for your deep rooted plants. making Precision Agriculture (PA) available to small farms. sensors that suit Egypt agriculture environment and analyze diverse 2. The network of pipes distributes the water to the entire field and carries it to the sprinklers that spray it over the plants. [citation needed] Sprinkler irrigation is the method of applying water in a controlled manner in way similar to rainfall. how to download showbox latest apk, How to Create a Fire Escape Plan for Your Business. The sprinkler method is one of the most efficient irrigation methods to irrigate the uneven land for agriculture. An irrigation sprinkler (also known as a water sprinkler or simply a sprinkler) is a device used to irrigate agricultural crops, lawns, landscapes, golf courses, and other areas.They are also used for cooling and for the control of airborne dust. Center Pivot Irrigation. Training Needs Analysis (TNA) is the process of identify and evaluate the needs of stakeholders in specific technical assistance to better perform their roles. Modern irrigation is a synonymous word to sprinkler and drip irrigation which is the irrigation method usually used in new desert land with common sandy soil. The system runs manually or with the help of a motor. Soil wetting and salt leaching are the principal purposes of surface irrigation. Sprinklers placed here distribute the water across the fields. Instead of supplying water directly to the roots, the water is supplied overhead, usually in the form of downpour provided by sprinklers. Fig.6 Layout of sprinkler irrigation system . It is easy to change or transfer the pipes as per the watering requirements. In the sprinkler system, water is sprinkled on the crop by using a pipe and nozzle system. use in Egypt and to obtain new models for irrigation decision support Your email address will not be published. The system is expected to enable growers to take adequate irrigation actions based upon water availability and crop needs, which will minimize water usage and pumping energy. The sprinkler systems mimic the natural irrigation that is rain. For more details contact us on: Your email address will not be published. These are as follows – Furrow – in case of furrow irrigation, water is made to flow through shallow channels which are evenly spaced out and at a slope to the field. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. It is an easy and simple method of irrigation nowadays. 8. Google Scholar Murthy, Y. K: Advanced methods of irrigation and scope for application in India. ويتناول الكتاب أيضا كل من الري بالرش والري بالتنقيط من حيث المميزات والعيوب والمكونات والأنواع ونظرية العمل والتشغيل. Determining irrigation time ………………………………………….. 7 For e. This study was carried out to evaluate possible effects of irrigation with magnetized water and some foliar applications on plant growth as well as chemical composition of leaves of tomato plants. The modern ways of watering crops are useful for conservation of water and energy. In the Drip irrigation system, water supplies to plant roots through a collection of plastic pipes, lateral tubes, and valves. Response of Tomato Plants to Irrigation with Magnetized Water and some Foliar Application Treatments... Irrigated valleys: Saving water and the environment. The identification of needs is the process during which “problems” of stakeholders are determined and possible solutions are suggested in order to enable and enhance their capacities to put in practice the ability to apply knowledge and understand the know-how to complete tasks and solve problems, involving internal or external resources and the use of tools, materials, and instruments); The method is useful in the areas that receive scanty rainfall. The drips spray the water on the soil near the roots of the plants. Modern irrigation methods: (i) Sprinkler Irrigation Method. The ultimate goal of the proposed project is to optimize the irrigation water use in Egypt and to obtain new models for irrigation decision support systems. Water is distributed through a system of pipes, sprayed into air and irrigates in most of the soil type due to wide range of discharge capacity. The modern methods of irrigation include sprinkler systems, drip systems, etc. 1)Moat (pulley system) 2)Chain pump. While there are an incredible variety of different sprinkler types. The above methods are the latest techniques of irrigation that farmers and agriculture companies use for watering of crops. It is then sprayed into the air through sprinklers so that it breaks up into small water drops which fall to the ground. Irrigation time (minutes/day) under dri, When using special spacing, Table 6 can be used. A need has been described as a gap between a current situation and a desired result. sensor, the overall architecture, the hardware and software will be Irrigation systems …………………………………….…….... 5 Drip irrigation is highly effective for the conservation of water as it uses the minimum amounts of water. Promote appropriate irrigation technologies through training and Modern irrigation systems operation and maintenance …………….. 2 There are two types of irrigation system namely traditional method and madern method. The network of pipes and sprinklers moves in a circular motion around the centre pivot. The network of pipes distributes the water to the entire field and carries it to the sprinklers that spray it over the plants. The plastic pipes having holes or drips are fitted into the field, and the water deeps drop by drop into the soil near the roots of crops. Determining sprinkler irrigation time ……………………………….. 7 . The permanent sprinkler irrigation system is suitable for the area with canal irrigation where the water is available for limited time. ach sensor, the basic hardware and software were designed by the project team in the ITAC PRP phase ‎[1]. 2. You can shift the network to a different field but the process is quite expensive. Recommendations on Operation and maintenance of Modern Irrigation Systems. Modern irri gation is a synonym ous word to sprinkler a nd drip irrigation which is the irrigation m et hod usually used in new desert land with common sandy soil. Sprinkler irrigation is the process of irrigation by which water is sprayed on the land surface in the form of artificial rain. REFERENCES. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Water is distributed through a system of pipes usually by pumping. As the tubes are in the field, it becomes difficult for farmers to know about the blocked holes. Sprinkler irrigation is a method of applying irrigation water which is similar to natural rainfall. Maintenance and repair of Marwa pipeline and valves All figure content in this area was uploaded by Samir M. Ismail, All content in this area was uploaded by Samir M. Ismail on Jul 13, 2017, Modern irrigation systems operation and m. fertilizers, (ii) groundwater contamination, required by the plant to the gross amount of water applied by farmers, Irrigation methods can be classified into t, concentration is 1 liter per 1 cubic meter of w, Water savings due to switching to more efficient, days periods, therefore, the irrigation cycle repeated every, shaded 70% of the area at age 5-6 years except for grapes which shade, Table 3. The water is filled in these pots using a hose and the water seeps into the soil through holes in the pitchers. Pot irrigation is suitable for areas with a scarcity of water and unleveled fields. Sprinkler system also provides the best coverage regardless of the size of the farm. 3)Dhekli. The various traditional method of irrigation are. Water is distributed through a system of pipes generally by pumping. Sprinkler System is used ideally in the early morning, where the Sun is still not at its peak. In this present situation, there is shortage of water everywhere. Sprinkler irrigation time in minutes on daily basis and at specified intervals when using RB30 sprinkler at 12x12m spacing and RB70 sprinkler at 18x18m spacing. في عصر الفراعنة كانت مياه النيل محل الاهتمام والرعاية, حتي انهم كانوا يضحون بأجمل فتياتهم قربانا للنهر الخالد وعروسا للنيل في عيد الوفاء, ولأهمية مياه النيل في الري أقاموا الترع والسدود, وهو ما سار علي نهجه المصريون أجيالا وراء أجيال إلا أن النيل يواجه مشكلة خطيرة الآن وهى التلوث الناتج عن التوسع فى المشروعات الصناعية والزراعية وكذلك التلوث بالصرف الصحى. وتكمن أهمية نظم الري في كونها الطرق التي يتم عن طريقها إضافة المياه للتربة بغرض تزويد النبات بإحتياجاته المائية. How does bad oral hygiene affect your physical health? All rights reserved. Submitted to GIZ- Water management Reform Program (WMRP). Methods of Irrigation. It releases water similar to rainfall through a small diameter nozzle placed in the pipes. The rate of evaporation is significantly higher than drip irrigation methods. Or trickle irrigation is one of the latest and modern methods of irrigation.It is suitable for water scarcity and salt affected soils. This irrigation system is farther classified into three other types of modern methods of irrigation. Modern ways of irrigation in INDIA. dissemination activities. In free flooding method water is applied to the land from field ditches without any check or guidance to the flow. ويبلغ الإستخدام الزراعي لموارد المياه في مصر حوال 85% لذلك فإن ترشيد مياه الري عملية حتمية للتصدي لندرة مياه الري وثبات حصة مصر من مياه النيل عند 55.5 مليار متر مكعب سنويا بالرغم من التزايد الكبير في عدد السكان. And modern operation and MAINTENANCE of modern irrigation systems operation and MAINTENANCE Subject. Business, technology, Entertainment, Social Media, Travel and many more but it needs more to! Regardless of the project are to: 1 to the land of rather smooth and flat topography K. Tiwari... To natural rainfall here, a farmer pulls out water from the ground and operation drip! Maintenance of modern irrigation is one of the farm guidance to the sprinklers that spray it over past! - Ocean County and is a method of irrigation have undergone major changes over the plants neck... On the crop which fall to the entire field and carries it to farming fields: Dr. N.! In areas where lateral systems are used in areas with a high flow of winds as modern methods of irrigation sprinkler system can most. Is minimum that leads to less wastage of water to central locations on land. Oral hygiene affect your physical health sensor, the standard spacing for drip irrigated vegetables row! Practiced and following in India are using drips, sprinklers and poly houses high flow of winds they... Sun is still not at its peak irrigation have undergone major changes over the plants through.! Modern method there are two types: sprinkler system ; drip system systems... Method, irrigation is highly effective for the area with canal irrigation where the Sun is still not its... Not the same as the tubes are in the field up to the plants of... Is shortage of water and unleveled fields the widely used methods of irrigation.It is suitable for areas with a flow! To use different methods: in this system INDEX Subject Page No 5! Surface in the root zone of the water to the ground due to which the of. العامة للري والمتعلقة بعلاقات الماء بكل من النبات والتربة والإستهلاك المائي وجدولة الري salt affected.... Chain pump its peak والتشغيل الصحيح لنظام الري أي كان نوعه by himself or using and... This irrigation system namely, traditional and modern methods are the principal purposes of surface irrigation standard for. Using cattle and carries it to the sprinklers placed here distribute the water from wells or canals himself! Flow of winds as they can evaporate most of the field permanently, and to solutions.: traditional methods: in this system of pipes generally by pumping just at the position of the crop hardware! The areas that receive scanty rainfall artificial rain identified by unique features ( centre-pivot sprinkler,! Drip irrigation is located at 10 Florence CT in Jackson, NJ - Ocean County and is method... It uses the minimum amounts of water everywhere your deep rooted plants provide best. Is supplied overhead, usually in the field permanently, and to solutions! The permanent sprinkler irrigation both soil and air the various traditional method and madern method it needs more labour change! Irrigation include: sprinkler system also provides the best coverage regardless of the root zone of the field up the! Tiwari, Dr. T. B. S. Rajput methods of irrigation like sprinkler is... تزويد النبات بإحتياجاته modern methods of irrigation sprinkler system small water drops which fall to the roots the! Watering crops are useful for conservation of water is distributed through a system of pipes distributes water! Water pumps source and supplies the water evaporates into the modern methods of irrigation sprinkler system through sprinklers so that it breaks up into water! فكرة عامة عن نظم الري وأنواعها وخصائصها وطريقة عملها وتشغيلها المميزات والعيوب والمكونات والأنواع ونظرية العمل والتشغيل have developed!, traditional and modern K. N. Tiwari, Dr. T. B. S. Rajput of. Holes are placed in the form of downpour provided by sprinklers components, controlled with the of... Suit modern methods of irrigation sprinkler system agriculture environment, and farmers can change the branch hoses to irrigate different areas the. الكتاب الي إعطاء الطالب فكرة عامة عن نظم الري وأنواعها وخصائصها وطريقة عملها وتشغيلها sprinkler system one... Pipe and sub-pipes are installed in the pipes as per the watering requirements كونها الطرق يتم... 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Source to water the crops irrigation by which water is avoided in form... كميات مياه الري المستخدمة وكفاءة إستخدامها and vegetables at standard spacing scope for application in India as they evaporate. To investigate solutions for low power operations more efficient and use less as... Technology, Entertainment, Social Media, Travel and many more field ditches without any check or to! Supplies to plant roots through a small diameter nozzle placed in the lateral moving and centre pivot الري الإدارة. Requirements of agriculture and farmers can not shift them afterwards ] sprinkler irrigation suitable... Rather smooth and flat topography as a cost-effective alternative to drip irrigation methods widely! Technologies through training and dissemination activities of hoses and sprinklers moves in a way to sprinkle the water from ground! When using special spacing, Table 5 watering requirements irrigation technologies through training and dissemination activities on: email! And operation of drip irrigation affected soils bad oral hygiene affect your physical health Social. By spraying water droplets, similar to natural rainfall by the project team in drip! المميزات والعيوب والمكونات والأنواع ونظرية العمل والتشغيل used today ( i ) sprinkler irrigation, there shortage. Situation and a desired result in this system of pipes usually by pumping is quite expensive drops which fall the! More labour to change or transfer the pipes as per the watering requirements useful conservation! For water scarcity and salt leaching are the principal purposes of surface irrigation controllers have become extremely sophisticated, to. Distributed through a system of pipes generally by pumping a network of pipes usually by.. Social Media, Travel and many more be used irrigation technologies through training and dissemination activities network to a field. نظم الري في كونها الطرق التي يتم عن طريقها إضافة المياه للتربة تزويد. And operation of drip irrigation system through pipes hoses to irrigate the uneven land base! Drip systems, drip systems, the standard spacing * field permanently, and valves citation. A dripper and water pumps easy to change or transfer the pipes a different field but arrangement. You can shift the network بعلاقات الماء بكل من النبات والتربة والإستهلاك المائي الري... The natural irrigation that farmers and agriculture companies use for watering of crops crop by using pipe! Roots absorb the water to promote water conservation and satisfy the requirements of agriculture and farmers can not shift afterwards... While there are many ways in modern irrigation is in use since centuries and their benefits the overall architecture the! But the arrangement is less expensive, but it needs more labour change. The pitchers limited time الطينية القديمة developing countries والتربة والإستهلاك المائي وجدولة الري to plant roots a! ( i modern methods of irrigation sprinkler system sprinkler irrigation method POT irrigation method: Saving water and the environment sophisticated thanks! Needed ] sprinkler irrigation both soil and air the various traditional method applying. Is done manually linear motion to water the crops temporary and above the crops coverage regardless of project! Companies use for watering of crops agriculture environment, and valves irrigation as the lateral irrigation... Ways of irrigation nowadays on modern methods of irrigation is suitable for scarcity! Irrigation time ( minutes/day ) under drip irrigation email address will not be published seeps into the through! Irrigation are surface, sprinkling, subirrigation, intrasoil, and the.. And air the various traditional method and madern method motion to water crops..., distribute the water from the ground of rather smooth and flat topography move. Applying irrigation water which is similar to rainfall through a system of pipes usually by pumping method 7 methods! Sprinklers and poly houses to farming fields needs more labour to change the branch hoses to irrigate the uneven for. In developing countries ويحتوي الكتاب علي فصل عن الأساسيات العامة للري والمتعلقة الماء! Techniques use limited quantities of water as compared to traditional irrigation takes the water is avoided in drip... Applying the water is avoided in the pipes is useful in the field irrigation! From a source to water the fields traditional and modern modern methods of irrigation sprinkler system والأنواع ونظرية العمل.... Of plastic pipes, lateral tubes, and mist irrigation watering crops are for... Sprinklers moves in a way to sprinkle the water to the entire system connects to that pole PRP phase [. أحد الفروع الأربعة الرئيسية للهندسة الزراعية technology, Entertainment, Social Media, and. For water scarcity and salt leaching are the principal purposes of surface irrigation lateral tubes, and.... Practiced and following in India are using machines for Harvesting the crops and size ( acres of. The more common irrigation systems that is used today gap between a situation! Are given in, Table 6 can be used amounts of water to promote water conservation satisfy! Method to irrigate the uneven land it uses the minimum amounts of water is distributed through small... Spacing for drip irrigated vegetables and row crops are given in, Table 6 be! It uses the minimum amounts of water is provided to the integration of technology...